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First Name: William

Last Name: Shomo

Birthplace: Jeannette, PA, USA

Gender: Male

Branch: Air Force (1947 - present)



Home of Record: Pittsburgh, PA
Middle Name: Arthur



Date of Birth: 30 May 1918

Date of Death: 25 June 1990

Rank: Lieutenant Colonel

Years Served: 1941 - 1961
William Arthur Shomo
'Bill'

   
Engagements:
•  World War II (1941 - 1945)

Biography:

William Arthur Shomo

Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Air Forces

Medal of Honor Recipient

World War II

Lieutenant Colonel William Arthur Shomo (30 May 1918 - 25 June 1990) was a U.S. Army Air Forces officer and fighter pilot during World War II. He was later a pilot in the U.S. Air Force. He is credited with shooting down 8 aircraft; seven of them during a single mission while flying a reconnaissance version of the P-51 Mustang. For this action he received the U.S. military's highest award for valor, the Medal of Honor.

William A. Shomo was born on 30 May 1918 in Jeannette, PA. He entered the U.S. Army Air Forces from Westmoreland County, PA.

For over a year, Shomo was assigned to the 82nd Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron. His unit had moved from airstrip to airstrip along the northern coast of New Guinea, and then to Morotai, supporting General MacArthur's drive to the Philippines by performing dangerous photo recon and ground attack missions. His squadron was equipped with older P-39 Aircobras and Curtiss P-40s, which were adequate for the photo recon/ground attack role, but too short-ranged to reach areas where they might encounter Japanese aircraft.

In December 1944, the squadron was given F-6Ds; Mustangs designed for armed photo reconnaissance. On 24 December, Shomo was put in command of the squadron and ordered to move it to Mindoro, an island off the southwest coast of Luzon, to support MacArthur's landing at Lingayen Gulf. During that landing on 9 January 1945, Shomo led his first combat mission in the squadron's new planes. The low-level recce was to gather intelligence on the air strength of Japanese in northern Luzon. They approached the Japanese airfield at Tuguegarao where he scored his first air victory, an Aichi D3A "Val" dive bomber, coming in on its final approach.

Two days later on 11 January, Captain Shomo performed the feat that earned him the Medal of Honor. While he and his wingman, Lt. Paul Lipscomb, were heading north for the Japanese airfields at Tuguegarao, Aparri, and Laoag, they saw several enemy planes flying south at about 2,500 feet. Despite being obviously outnumbered, they immediately pulled Immelman turns and found themselves behind 11 Ki-61 "Tonys" and 1 Ki-44 "Tojo" escorting a G4M "Betty" bomber.

On their first pass through the formation, Shomo closed to less than 40 yards before opening fire. He shot down four Tonys then came up under the bomber, firing into its belly. The bomber caught fire and began to lose altitude as its pilot attempted to crash-land the plane. Two of the Tonys escorting the bomber stayed with it as it went down. Shomo pulled up in a tight vertical spiral to gain altitude while the Tojo turned to engage him. The Japanese fighter fired until it stalled and slipped into the clouds. The Betty exploded as it bellied in, and the two escorting Tonys broke away, staying low. Shomo made a second diving pass at the two Tonys and downed them both. In less than six minutes, Bill Shomo had shot down seven enemy planes, becoming an "ace in a day." Only one other American fighter pilot scored more confirmed victories in a single mission - Navy Commander David McCampbell, CAG-15 aboard USS Essex (24 October 1944 9-confirmed victories + 2 probables). Meanwhile, his wingman shot down three of the remaining six planes. The surviving three Japanese planes fled the encounter.

By 1 April 1945, Shomo had been promoted to Major and was awarded the Medal of Honor for leading an attack against heavy odds and destroying seven enemy aircraft. Shomo had been in the undertaker business before the war. He named all his aircraft "The Flying Undertaker" (plus the appropriate numeral) to note this. The F-6D in which he won his Medal of Honor was "Flying Undertaker 6."

Medal of Honor

Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Army Air Corps, 82d Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron.

Place and date: Over Luzon, Philippine Islands, 11 January 1945.

Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Maj. Shomo was lead pilot of a flight of 2 fighter planes charged with an armed photographic and strafing mission against the Aparri and Laoag airdromes. While en route to the objective, he observed an enemy twin engine bomber, protected by 12 fighters, flying about 2,500 feet above him and in the opposite direction. Although the odds were 13 to 2, Maj. Shomo immediately ordered an attack. Accompanied by his wingman he closed on the enemy formation in a climbing turn and scored hits on the leading plane of the third element, which exploded in midair. Maj. Shomo then attacked the second element from the left side of the formation and shot another fighter down in flames. When the enemy formed for Counterattack, Maj. Shomo moved to the other side of the formation and hit a third fighter which exploded and fell. Diving below the bomber he put a burst into its underside and it crashed and burned. Pulling up from this pass he encountered a fifth plane firing head on and destroyed it. He next dived upon the first element and shot down the lead plane; then diving to 300 feet in pursuit of another fighter he caught it with his initial burst and it crashed in flames. During this action his wingman had shot down 3 planes, while the 3 remaining enemy fighters had fled into a cloudbank and escaped. Maj. Shomo's extraordinary gallantry and intrepidity in attacking such a far superior force and destroying 7 enemy aircraft in one action is unparalleled in the southwest Pacific area.

Though Shomo flew more than 200 combat missions, he only saw a total of 14 enemy aircraft from his cockpit and he destroyed more than half of them. He stayed with the Air Force after the war and was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel on 20 February 1951.

He then went to Colorado and served in operations and training assignments for a year. In March 1952, he became Executive, Commander and Administrative Officer for the 175th Fighter Interceptor Squadron at Rapid City AFB, SD (later, Ellsworth AFB). He directed Combat Operations at HQ 31st Air Division, St. Paul, MN, for about a year, then became commander of the 14th Fighter Interceptor Squadron at Sioux City, IA. He commanded a similar squadron, the 59th, at Goose Bay, Labrador, in January 1955, and that June led the squadron to victory in the Northeast Air Command Rocket Meet. Colonel Shomo next became Commander of Headquarters 473rd Air Defense Group and in July 1957, took over the 54th Fighter Group at Greater Pittsburgh Airport. In January 1958, he became Executive Officer for HQ 79th Fighter Group, Youngstown Municipal Airport, OH. His last assignment before retirement in 1961 was Thule, Greenland, with the 4683rd Air Defense Wing.

Medals and Awards

Medal of Honor
Air Medal (5)
Army Commendation Medal (3)

Death and Burial

Lieutenant Colonel William A. Shomo died on 25 June 1990. He is buried at St. Clair Cemetery in Greensburg, PA, in Section D, Lot 134.



Honoree ID: 1644   Created by: MHOH

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